Competitiveness In Central America 1999, (Spanish)
|1400||Indices de Competitividad|
|1405||Competitiveness In Central America 1999, (Spanish)|
|Castro, Ligia; Gavarrete, Evangelina||
This paper shows the results of the 1999 Global Competitiveness Report for Central America developed by World Economic Forum (WEF.) The paper has two parts. The first part shows the methodological aspects of the Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) that determines the medium- and long-term growth potential of a country, according to its competitiveness levels. The second part analyzes the results of different components of GCI, on a per-country basis, based on the competitive gap for the years 2010-2020. In addition, it offers a diagnosis of each country's strengths and weaknesses. The analysis concludes that attaining higher competitiveness levels requires parallel efforts in all areas. The global competitive position of every country in the region, except in the case of El Salvador , deteriorated in 1999, while the labor market in all countries showed significant competitive deterioration. Due to their major potential to transform the region's business climate, projects such as the Central American Logistic Corridor, the strengthening of financial systems, and the development of emerging clusters with high competitive potential (for instance, tourism), would be an important step toward improvement.