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He received his doctoral degree in Economics with honors at the University of Pennsylvania. He has been a faculty member at Northwestern University, visiting professor at the University of Michigan, Research Affiliate at Institut de Anàlisi Econòmica de Barcelona, and professor and Dean at INCAE Business School.
As Costa Rica’s Minister of Foreign Trade, he led the negotiation of CAFTA. He was also President of the Board of CINDE, the agency in charge of attracting foreign direct investment, and member of CONASSIF, the entity that regulates and supervises Costa Rica’s financial system. He participated in the design and negotiation of the country’s pension system reform.
He is a partner at CEFSA, Costa Rica’s largest bureau of macroeconomic analysis. He is also a board member for different Costa Rican corporations, such as BAC San Jose bank, Cuestamoras, El Financiero and DIPO, a distributing company.
He has been a consultant for a variety of governments, international organizations and companies in 50 countries in Latin America, Europe and Africa. He is the director of South Africa’s Brenthurst Foundation and Chairman of the Presidential Advisory Committee on Economics to the President of Malawi. He is a member of the International Advisory Board to Mozambique’s President.
- M.A. - University of Pennsylvania
- Ph.D. - University of Pennsylvania
- International Trade
- Global Macroeconomic Trends
- El Gerente en el Comercio Global
- Estrategia en el Sector Público
1994 University of Pennsylvania: Ph.D. in Economics. With honors: Fulbright Scholar, CARESS Fellow, University Fellow, Dean´s Scholar, Robbins Award, Hiram Haney Award, Polk Carey Award
1992 University of Pennsylvania M.A. in Economics
1988 Universidad de Costa Rica B.A. in Economics
Permanent Academic Positions
1997-date INCAE, Costa Rica (also have served as Dean and as General Director of the Latin American Center for Competitiveness and Sustainable Development)
1994-1999 Northwestern University, Evanston IL
Other Academic Relationships
2008-09 Gerald Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan, Visiting Professor and Towsley Policymaker In Residence.
2007-08 Center for Hemispheric Policy, University of Miami, Visiting Scholar
1994-97 Institut de Análisi Económica de Barcelona, Research Affiliate
1995-96 Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Visiting Scholar
1986-92 Universidad de Costa Rica, Associate Professor
Government and Community Work
2002-2004 Minister of Foreign Trade, Government of Costa Rica
2004-2010 President of the Board, CINDE (Costa Rican Investment Board)
2007-2012 Judge, Essay Award for Young Economists, World Trade Organization
2007-2013 Boardmember of the Brenthurst Foundation, South Africa
2012- Chairman of the Presidential Advisory Committee of the Economy for the President of Malawi
2007-2012 Member of the International Advisory Board to the President of Mozambique
2012- Member of the Council of Economic Advisors to the President of Malawi
1999 Co-designer of the comprehensive pension reform in Costa Rica
1998-2000 Board Member, National Council for Financial Supervision
Partner at CEFSA (Consejeros Económicos y Financieros), Costa Rica´s largest bureau of macroeconomic analysis
Consultant for a variety of governments, international financial institutions, think-tanks and companies in the US, Latin America, Europe and Africa
Board member for several Costa Rican corporations, including its largest private bank (BAC San José), its largest private equity fund (Corporación Cuestamoras), its main financial newspaper (El Financiero) and its main retail logistics system (DIPO S.A.).