He received his doctoral degree in Economics with honors at the University of Pennsylvania. He has been a faculty member at Northwestern University, visiting professor at the University of Michigan, Research Affiliate at Institut de Anàlisi Econòmica de Barcelona, and professor and Dean at INCAE Business School.

As Costa Rica’s Minister of Foreign Trade, he led the negotiation of CAFTA. He was also President of the Board of CINDE, the agency in charge of attracting foreign direct investment, and member of CONASSIF, the entity that regulates and supervises Costa Rica’s financial system.  He participated in the design and negotiation of the country’s pension system reform.

He is a partner at CEFSA, Costa Rica’s largest bureau of macroeconomic analysis. He is also a board member for different Costa Rican corporations, such as BAC San Jose bank, Cuestamoras, El Financiero and DIPO, a distributing company. 

He has been a consultant for a variety of governments, international organizations and companies in 50 countries in Latin America, Europe and Africa. He is the director of South Africa’s Brenthurst Foundation and Chairman of the Presidential Advisory Committee on Economics to the President of Malawi. He is a member of the International Advisory Board to Mozambique’s President.


Datos Personales

Full Professor
Country of Origin:
Costa Rica
Country of Residence:
Costa Rica
Office Phone:
+506 2437-2386
Office Fax:
+506 2433-9101
P.O. Box: 
Campus Walter Kissling Gam 960-4050 Alajuela, Costa Rica

Academic Degrees

  • Ph.D. - University of Pennsylvania
  • M.A. - University of Pennsylvania

Programas Ejecutivos

Teaching areas

  • Economics

Executive Programs

  • Lider: Maestría en Gerencia y Liderazgo Público


  • International Trade
  • Global Macroeconomic Trends
  • Macroeconomic
  • El Gerente en el Comercio Global
  • Estrategia en el Sector Público


Work Experience

Education 1994 University of Pennsylvania: Ph.D. in Economics. With honors: Fulbright Scholar, CARESS Fellow, University Fellow, Dean´s Scholar, Robbins Award, Hiram Haney Award, Polk Carey Award 1992 University of Pennsylvania M.A. in Economics 1988 Universidad de Costa Rica B.A. in Economics Permanent Academic Positions 1997-date INCAE, Costa Rica (also have served as Dean and as General Director of the Latin American Center for Competitiveness and Sustainable Development) 1994-1999 Northwestern University, Evanston IL Other Academic Relationships 2008-09 Gerald Ford School of Public Policy, University of Michigan, Visiting Professor and Towsley Policymaker In Residence. 2007-08 Center for Hemispheric Policy, University of Miami, Visiting Scholar 1994-97 Institut de Análisi Económica de Barcelona, Research Affiliate 1995-96 Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, Visiting Scholar 1986-92 Universidad de Costa Rica, Associate Professor Government and Community Work 2002-2004 Minister of Foreign Trade, Government of Costa Rica 2004-2010 President of the Board, CINDE (Costa Rican Investment Board) 2007-2012 Judge, Essay Award for Young Economists, World Trade Organization 2007-2013 Boardmember of the Brenthurst Foundation, South Africa 2012- Chairman of the Presidential Advisory Committee of the Economy for the President of Malawi 2007-2012 Member of the International Advisory Board to the President of Mozambique 2012- Member of the Council of Economic Advisors to the President of Malawi 1999 Co-designer of the comprehensive pension reform in Costa Rica 1998-2000 Board Member, National Council for Financial Supervision Private Activities Partner at CEFSA (Consejeros Económicos y Financieros), Costa Rica´s largest bureau of macroeconomic analysis Consultant for a variety of governments, international financial institutions, think-tanks and companies in the US, Latin America, Europe and Africa Board member for several Costa Rican corporations, including its largest private bank (BAC San José), its largest private equity fund (Corporación Cuestamoras), its main financial newspaper (El Financiero) and its main retail logistics system (DIPO S.A.).